Study in Germany or Australia

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study in germany or australia

Study in Germany or Australia: Which is the best option?


Choosing between Germany or Australia for higher education is a significant decision for international students, particularly those from India. Both countries offer distinct advantages, and understanding their differences can help you make an informed choice.


Germany is well-known for its affordable education and a strong focus on research, especially in fields like science and technology. This makes it an attractive option for students seeking quality education at a lower cost. Conversely, Australia boasts diverse course offerings, a vibrant multicultural environment, and excellent post-study work opportunities, making it appealing to students looking for a dynamic educational experience and broader career prospects.


Key factors to consider when comparing Germany and Australia include tuition fees, living costs, university admission rates, work opportunities while studying, visa requirements, opportunities for living and working after graduation, number of international students, location, safety, healthcare system, employability after graduation, language barrier, and weather.


Australia, as an English-speaking country, hosts a larger number of international students, with approximately 768,113 enrolled as of October 2023, compared to Germany’s 458,210 international students in 2023. However, both countries have their pros and cons, making it essential to carefully evaluate each factor before making a decision.


Through this article, we aim to provide an unbiased comparison of Germany and Australia to assist students in making the right choice. Popular parameters such as popular courses, job availability, and cost of studies are taken into account to provide a comprehensive understanding of each destination’s offerings. Ultimately, the decision between Germany and Australia depends on individual preferences, financial considerations, and career goals, with both countries standing as excellent options for international students.

Germany presents several compelling reasons why it might be the superior choice for studying abroad:

Cost of Education: One of the standout advantages of studying in Germany is the affordability of education. Many public universities in the country don’t charge tuition fees for undergraduate students, regardless of their nationality. This is a stark comparison to the high tuition fees commonly seen in Australian universities. Even for postgraduate studies, while not entirely free, fees in Germany tend to be lower than those in other popular study destinations.

Renowned Research and Innovation: Germany is internationally recognized for its excellence in research, engineering, and innovation. It boasts several universities highly ranked in the QS World University Rankings, especially in fields such as mechanical engineering, chemical engineering, and physics. Institutions like the Technical University of Munich and RWTH Aachen are particularly esteemed for their research contributions and strong connections with industries, offering students exceptional research opportunities.

Industrial Integration: The German education system seamlessly integrates with its industries, providing students with abundant opportunities for internships and cooperative education programs. This integration is especially advantageous for students studying fields like engineering, IT, and business, as it exposes them directly to industry practices and enhances their job prospects post-graduation.

Work Opportunities During and After Studies: Germany is generous in its provision of work opportunities for international students, both during and after their studies. During the semester, students are permitted to work part-time for up to 20 hours per week, and full-time during vacations. Moreover, Germany offers an 18-month post-study work visa for non-EU graduates, giving them ample time to seek employment within their field of study within the country.

Strategic Location in Europe: Studying in Germany places students at the heart of Europe, facilitating easy travel across the continent. This strategic positioning is ideal for students keen on exploring diverse cultures, languages, and histories during their leisure time.

Australia presents several compelling reasons why it might be the better choice for studying abroad:

Diverse Course Options and Flexibility: Australian universities offer a wide variety of courses and flexible education options. Students can select from a range of disciplines and often have the flexibility to change their major or pursue multiple specializations. Institutions like the University of Sydney, the Australian National University, and the University of Melbourne offer diverse programs in arts, sciences, and professional degrees, emphasizing flexibility and student choice.

Vibrant Campus Life: Campus life in Australia is lively and engaging, featuring numerous extracurricular activities, sports, and societies for students to participate in. This dynamic campus environment is highly attractive to international students seeking not only academic enrichment but also opportunities to engage deeply in campus life and build lasting friendships.

  • Support for International Students: Australian universities prioritize providing extensive support services for international students. These services include orientation programs, assistance with English language skills, employment services, and access to health and counseling services. This comprehensive support system helps international students adjust to life in Australia smoothly and excel in their studies.
  • Beautiful Environment and High Quality of Life: Australia is renowned for its stunning landscapes, mild climate, and high quality of life. These attributes make Australia an appealing destination for students who value a blend of academic pursuits and a vibrant, active lifestyle. Cities like Sydney, Melbourne, and Brisbane consistently rank among the top cities for students based on factors such as student diversity, affordability, quality of life, and employment opportunities.
  • Post-Study Work Opportunities: Australia also offers excellent post-study work opportunities. International students who complete a bachelor’s or master’s degree can apply for a post-study work visa lasting two to four years, depending on their level of qualification. This presents an enticing prospect for those seeking to gain valuable international work experience and potentially pursue long-term migration opportunities.
  • Obtaining a student visa is a vital step for international students planning to study abroad, whether in Germany or Australia. Below, we outline the procedures for acquiring a student visa for both countries, ensuring you’re well-prepared for your study abroad journey.

Getting a Student Visa to Study Abroad in Germany:

University Admission: Before applying for a German student visa, you must secure admission from a recognized German university. This admission letter is crucial as it confirms the purpose of your stay in Germany.

Visa Type: If you plan to study in Germany for more than 90 days, you’ll need a German National Visa (Type D). For shorter courses, a Schengen Visa (Type C) might suffice.

Application Documents: To apply for a German student visa, you’ll need the following documents:

Application Process: Schedule and attend a visa interview at the German embassy or consulate in your home country. The application fee is usually around 75 euros.

Processing Time: The processing time for a German student visa can range from 6 to 12 weeks, so apply well in advance of your intended travel date.

Upon Arrival: After arriving in Germany, you must convert your visa into a residence permit for study purposes at the local Alien Authority.

Getting a Student Visa to Study Abroad in Australia:

Confirmation of Enrollment: Begin your student visa application for Australia with a Confirmation of Enrollment (CoE) from an Australian university. This document is essential for the visa application.

Visa Type: The primary visa for international students is the Student Visa (Subclass 500), applicable for full-time study courses in Australia.

Application Documents: Key documents needed for an Australian student visa include:


  1. 1.  Valid passport
  • 2.  Confirmation of Enrollment (CoE)
  • 3.  Genuine Student Test
  • 4.  Proof of financial capacity
  • 5.  English proficiency test results
  • 6.  Overseas Student Health Cover (OSHC)
  • 7.  Criminal record check results
  • 8.  Recent passport-sized photographs

Application Process: Complete the visa application online through the official Australian Immigration website. The application fee for the Student Visa (Subclass 500) is AUD620.

Processing Time: The processing time is typically around a month for an Australian student visa, depending on application completeness and personal circumstances.

Visa Conditions: If granted, the visa allows you to study full-time in a recognized education institution and work up to 40 hours every two weeks once your course starts.

Post-Study Work Permit:

After finishing their studies at a German university, international students must apply for a Residence Permit. Immigration laws allow students who have completed their degrees to apply for an 18-month Residence Permit to search for a job relevant to their qualifications. This permit is separate from the Student Visa and requires a separate application at the foreign nationals’ registration office.


If you have a job offer related to your field of study before completing your education, you can apply directly for a Residence Permit or an EU Blue Card.

Graduates who have completed a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree may be eligible to apply for a two-year post-study work visa. Other graduates may qualify for an 18-month subclass 485 visa through the graduate work stream.

Employment Opportunities:

Key job sectors in Germany include healthcare, mechanical and automotive industries, electrical and electronics, construction, and information technology. These sectors offer significant employment opportunities for graduates.

Top job sectors in Australia include education, healthcare, hospitality, computer system design, and accounting. It’s important to note that the Indian concept of campus placements and on-campus recruitment doesn’t apply to foreign universities. Students are expected to seek internships and job opportunities independently.

Permanent Residency Opportunities:

After residing in Germany for five years on a German residence permit, you can apply for a German permanent visa. There are exceptions for shorter stay requirements. After eight years of residency, you can apply for German citizenship. Marrying a German citizen allows immediate eligibility for German citizenship.

Obtaining permanent residency in Australia is possible but involves a lengthy process. Immigration officials conduct thorough background checks to ensure candidates are genuine. Due to the complexity, approval for permanent residency may take time, but Australian citizenship is achievable.


For undergraduate courses in Germany, you should have completed your 12th grade and meet one of the following criteria:

Completed one year of bachelor’s degree education from a recognized university in India

Passed the Feststellungsprüfung, an entrance exam for Studienkolleg completion

Competition for admission is high, with some universities requiring as much as 90% in secondary school exams. However, if you’ve cleared JEE Advanced, the cutoff may be lower, around 50%.

For postgraduate programs in Germany, you need a German equivalent of a bachelor’s degree in the relevant subject. Additionally, universities may require good scores on the GMAT or GRE. International students need IELTS or TOEFL scores, along with proficiency in German. For programs taught in German, a high level of language proficiency is necessary, and you may need to take TestDAF or DSH exams.

For undergraduate courses in Australia, most universities require the completion of 12 years of pre-university education, making it easier for Indian students to gain direct admission to their chosen course.



For postgraduate courses, admission usually requires a three-year undergraduate degree or a four-year degree in engineering for engineering courses. Management courses may require GMAT, while science courses may require the GRE.



Work experience may not be necessary for management courses at some colleges. In cases where work experience is not required, you may need to enroll in a graduate certificate or diploma program. While TOEFL or IELTS may be waived by some universities, they are still important for obtaining a visa.


The overall cost of studying and living in Germany and Australia depends on factors such as the university, course, and location.

Cost of Studying:

€150 (public uni) – €20,000 (private uni) per year for tuition, with living expenses around €8,640 per year.

$15,000 to $33,000 per year for tuition, with living expenses ranging from $19,000 to $20,000 per year.

€2,000 (public uni) – €30,000 (private uni) per year for tuition, with living expenses around €8,640 per year.

$20,000 to $37,000 per year for tuition, with living expenses ranging from $19,000 to $20,000 per year.


In conclusion, both Germany and Australia offer compelling opportunities for international students seeking higher education abroad. Each country has its unique advantages and considerations, making the decision between the two a nuanced one that depends on individual preferences, academic goals, and financial circumstances.


Germany stands out for its affordable education, strong emphasis on research and innovation, seamless integration with industries, generous work opportunities during and after studies, and strategic location in Europe. With tuition-free or low-cost education, along with excellent post-study work options and a vibrant academic environment, Germany appeals to students looking for quality education at a lower cost and diverse cultural experiences.


On the other hand, Australia boasts diverse course offerings, a vibrant campus life, extensive support for international students, stunning natural landscapes, and a high quality of life. With its English-speaking environment, excellent post-study work opportunities, and a welcoming multicultural society, Australia appeals to students seeking a dynamic educational experience, ample career prospects, and an enriching lifestyle.


Ultimately, the choice between Germany and Australia depends on factors such as individual preferences, academic interests, career aspirations, financial considerations, and personal circumstances. Both countries offer world-class education, excellent career opportunities, and enriching experiences, making them attractive destinations for international students looking to pursue their academic and professional goals abroad. It’s essential for students to carefully weigh the pros and cons of each destination and choose the one that aligns best with their aspirations and priorities.

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